Factbox: How Ukraine’s armed forces form up towards Russia’s

Feb 24 (Reuters) – Ukraine’s armed forces are closely outnumbered and outgunned by Russia’s, however as Russia begins what could also be a large-scale invasion, navy specialists say they’d be able to mounting vital resistance and inflicting heavy casualties. learn extra

Ukraine’s military can be higher educated and outfitted than in 2014, when Russia captured the Crimea peninsula from Ukraine and not using a combat, and is extensively seen as extremely motivated to defend the nation’s heartland.

Listed below are some particulars of Ukraine’s navy:


By way of manpower and weapons, the arithmetic appears grim for Ukraine.

Most navy specialists’ estimates put the variety of Russian troops close to Russia’s border with Ukraine at greater than 100,000. Russia has additionally moved some troops to Belarus, north of Ukraine, for navy drills.

Russia’s military has about 280,000 personnel and its mixed armed forces complete about 900,000, whereas its 2,840 battle tanks outnumber Ukraine’s by greater than three to 1, based on the London-based Worldwide Institute for Strategic Research (IISS).

Ukraine’s prime minister stated a decree just lately signed by President Volodymyr Zelenskiy – on precedence measures to strengthen the state’s defence capabilities, enhance the attractiveness of navy service and the gradual transition to knowledgeable military – would ultimately carry Ukraine’s armed forces to 361,000 personnel.

Though Ukraine trebled its defence price range in actual phrases from 2010 to 2020, its complete defence expenditure in 2020 amounted to solely $4.3 billion, or one-tenth of Russia’s.

Army analysts say Ukraine’s anti-aircraft and anti-missile defences are weak, leaving it extremely weak to Russian strikes on its vital infrastructure. They are saying Russia would additionally search to make use of its superiority in digital warfare to paralyse its adversary’s command and management and reduce off communications with models within the discipline.


Ukraine’s forces have gained fight expertise within the Donbass area within the east of the nation, the place they’ve been combating Russia-backed separatists since 2014, and are extremely motivated.

Additionally they have short-range air defences and anti-tank weaponry, together with U.S.-supplied Javelin missiles, which might assist to gradual any Russian advance.

Past the common military, Ukraine has volunteer territorial defence models and round 900,000 reservists. Most grownup males have not less than primary navy coaching, so Russia might discover itself dealing with cussed and protracted resistance if it tried to seize and maintain onto territory.

The navy problem can be incomparably increased than in earlier wars Russia has fought for the reason that Soviet Union’s collapse, together with in breakaway Chechnya within the Nineteen Nineties and towards Georgia in 2008.


Western international locations have stepped up arms deliveries to Ukraine, however Kyiv says it wants extra. The USA has dominated out sending U.S. troops to Ukraine to combat.

The USA has supplied greater than $2.5 billion in navy support since 2014, together with Javelin anti-tank missiles, coastal patrol boats, Humvees, sniper rifles, reconnaissance drones, radar techniques, evening imaginative and prescient and radio gear. Additional provides might embrace Stinger anti-aircraft missiles, small arms and boats.

Turkey has bought Kyiv a number of batches of Bayraktar TB2 drones, which it deployed towards Russian-backed separatists in jap Ukraine.

Britain equipped Ukraine with a reported 2,000 short-range anti-tank missiles in January and despatched British specialists to ship coaching. It has additionally supplied Saxon armoured automobiles.

Estonia stated it was sending Javelin anti-armour missiles and Latvia and Lithuania are offering Stinger missiles. The Czech Republic has stated it plans to donate 152mm artillery ammunition.

Germany has dominated out arms deliveries to Ukraine however is co-financing a $6-million discipline hospital and offering coaching.


Many navy analysts say this might be unlikely as a result of it could contain an extended and messy battle with unavoidably heavy casualties. They count on Russia to go for crushing air strikes and/or restricted land grabs slightly than all-out battle together with battles for main cities.

One choice can be for Russia to push south and west from the Donbass area of east Ukraine, already managed by pro-Russian forces, to hyperlink up with annexed Crimea and the Black Sea. There’s additionally a chance that troops in Belarus might cross Ukraine’s northern border as a part of an assault.

Putin can be prone to face qualms from his personal public about waging battle on a fellow Slav nation, in addition to intense anti-Russian sentiment inside Ukraine. Russia has already been sanctioned over shifting troops into separatist-controlled areas of Ukraine, and can most definitely face a lot harsher ones for a full invasion.

Reporting by Reuters bureaux and Matthias Wiliams in Kyiv, Writing by Mark Trevelyan, Enhancing by Timothy Heritage and Gerry Doyle

Our Requirements: The Thomson Reuters Belief Ideas.

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