Maryland Man, Beforehand Convicted for Financial institution Fraud and Aggravated Identification Theft, Dealing with Federal Expenses for Submitting Fraudulent Purposes for COVID-19 CARES Act Loans and Unemployment Advantages | USAO-MD

Baltimore, Maryland – A federal legal criticism has been filed charging Ryan Dales, age 34, of Baltimore, Maryland, with wire fraud, referring to the submission of fraudulent purposes for unemployment insurance coverage (UI) advantages, a Paycheck Safety Program mortgage, and an Financial Harm Catastrophe Mortgage (EIDL) underneath the Coronavirus Support, Reduction, and Financial Safety (“CARES”) Act.  The CARES Act was a federal regulation enacted in March 2020 to supply emergency monetary help to People affected by the financial results attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic.  The criticism was filed January 13, 2023, and unsealed immediately. 

A search warrant executed at Dales’ residence following his arrest recovered two firearms, together with one privately made firearm, generally known as a “ghost gun,” suspected fentanyl and suspected drug manufacturing tools (together with a press, a number of scales, a number of sifters, capsules, baggies, and different packaging supplies) 5 cell telephones, and supplies used to make fraudulent identification paperwork and entry units. The investigation is continuous.

The defendant is predicted to have an preliminary look in U.S. District Courtroom in Baltimore later this afternoon.

The legal criticism was introduced by United States Lawyer for the District of Maryland Erek L. Barron and Particular Agent in Cost Thomas J. Sobocinski of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Baltimore Subject Workplace; and Performing Particular Agent in Cost Troy W. Springer, of the Nationwide Capital Area, U.S. Division of Labor, Workplace of Inspector Basic.

Monetary help supplied by way of the CARES Act included loans to small companies for job retention and sure different bills, by way of the Paycheck Safety Program, administered by way of the Small Enterprise Administration (SBA).  The SBA additionally supplied an Financial Harm Catastrophe Mortgage (EIDL) and/or an EIDL advance to assist companies meet their monetary obligations.  As well as, the CARES Act created the Pandemic Unemployment Help (PUA) program, which expanded states’ skill to supply UI for employees impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, together with employees who in any other case wouldn’t be eligible for UI advantages.

In keeping with the affidavit filed in assist of the legal criticism, Dales has a 2017 federal conviction for financial institution fraud conspiracy and aggravated identification theft, for which he was sentenced to 62 months in federal jail.  On December 9, 2020, Dales was transferred from jail to a midway home in Baltimore, to finish his sentence.  Dales was launched from custody on June 4, 2021.

The affidavit alleges that on December 15, 2020, quickly after Dales arrived on the midway home, an utility for UI advantages was submitted on his behalf from an IP handle that resolved to the midway home.  The appliance acknowledged that Dales was self-employed as a barber, and that he stopped having the ability to present companies on April 5, 2020, when Dales was really in federal jail.  The appliance was denied as a result of Dales had not earned ample wages within the earlier 12 months to be eligible for UI advantages. 

As detailed within the affidavit, on July 31, 2021, Dales re-opened his UI declare, in search of advantages underneath the PUA program.  Dales allegedly submitted fraudulent IRS paperwork to assist his PUA declare.  The varieties indicated that Dales was the only real member of “KNW Group,” and indicated a gross revenue for the corporate in 2019 of $144,112.35, with whole bills of $45,031 and a web revenue of $99,081.35.  On account of the documentation, Dales was awarded PUA advantages with an efficient date of December 2020.  Between August 2021 and September 2021, Dales was paid roughly $25,570 on the declare. Subsequent investigation discovered that the IRS had no report of any such varieties being filed by Dales for the 2019 and 2020 tax years, throughout which period Dales was incarcerated.

Additional, the affidavit alleges that on December 29, 2020, whereas he was within the midway home, Dales filed a fraudulent EIDL utility for enterprise “Ryan Dales,” d/b/a “Dales Drop, Inc.”  In keeping with data contained within the utility, Dales Drop is an “agriculture” enterprise established on March 15, 2018 (when Dales was federally incarcerated), with three staff and 2019 gross income of roughly $10,000, and $6,000 in prices of products offered.  On the applying, Dales allegedly answered “No” to the query “Inside the final 5 years, for any felony, have you ever ever been convicted, plead responsible, plead nolo contendere, been positioned on pretrial diversion, or been positioned on any type or parole or probation (together with probation earlier than judgment)?  Dales’ 2017 fraud conviction made him ineligible for EIDL funding.  SBA data present that the EIDL utility was in the end denied resulting from “unsatisfactory credit score historical past.” 

In keeping with the affidavit, in March 2021, once more, whereas Dales was nonetheless within the midway home, a PPP mortgage utility was submitted on-line from proprietor “Ryan Dales,” which asserted over $8,000 in common month-to-month payroll for the only real proprietorship, and sought greater than $20,000 in funds for “payroll, hire/mortgage curiosity, utilities, and lined operations, expenditures, and lined provider prices.”  The appliance listed a enterprise begin date of “08/2018”—a time when Dales would have been incarcerated.  The appliance included a purported 2019 IRS Kind Schedule C, itemizing Dales’ “principal enterprise” as “house enchancment,” and listed a gross revenue of $113,219, whole bills of $10,117, and a web earnings of $103,102.  Dales allegedly additionally responded “sure” to the query as as to if he did “materially take part within the operation of this enterprise throughout 2019.”  In reality, Dales was incarcerated throughout all of 2019.

If convicted, Dales faces a most sentence of 20 years in federal jail for wire fraud.  Precise sentences for federal crimes are usually lower than the utmost penalties. A federal district courtroom decide will decide any sentence after making an allowance for the U.S. Sentencing Tips and different statutory components. 

A legal criticism just isn’t a discovering of guilt.  A person charged by legal criticism is presumed harmless except and till confirmed responsible at some later legal proceedings. 

The District of Maryland COVID-19 Fraud Strike Drive is one in all three strike forces established by U.S. Lawyer Basic Merrick B. Garland and the U.S. Division of Justice to analyze and prosecute COVID-19 fraud, together with fraud referring to the Coronavirus Support, Reduction, and Financial Safety (“CARES”) Act.  The CARES Act was designed to supply emergency monetary help to People struggling the financial results attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic.  The strike forces deal with large-scale, multi-state pandemic aid fraud perpetrated by legal organizations and transnational actors.  The strike forces are interagency regulation enforcement efforts, utilizing prosecutor-led and knowledge analyst-driven groups designed to determine and convey to justice those that stole pandemic aid funds.  

For extra data on the Division’s response to the pandemic, please go to  Anybody with details about allegations of tried fraud involving COVID-19 can report it by calling the Division of Justice’s Nationwide Middle for Catastrophe Fraud (NCDF) Hotline at 866-720-5721 or through the NCDF Internet Grievance Kind at:

United States Lawyer Erek L. Barron recommended the FBI and DOL-OIG for his or her work within the investigation.  United States Lawyer Barron and Assistant U.S. Lawyer Paul A. Riley are prosecuting the case.  Mr. Barron additionally acknowledged the help of the Maryland COVID-19 Strike Drive Paralegal Specialist Joanna B.N. Huber. 

For extra data on the Maryland U.S. Lawyer’s Workplace, its priorities, and assets obtainable to assist the neighborhood, please go to

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