Protection Primer: U.S. Particular Operation Forces

The next is the Nov. 21, 2022, Congressional Analysis Service, Protection Primer: Particular Operation Forces.

From the report

Particular Operations Forces (SOF) are these lively responsibility and reserve part forces of the navy providers designated by the Secretary of Protection (SECDEF) and particularly chosen, organized, skilled, and geared up to conduct and help particular operations. Particular operations steadily require distinctive modes of employment, ways, strategies, procedures, and tools. SOF usually conducts particular operations in hostile, politically, and/or diplomatically delicate environments, and are characterised by a number of of the next: time-sensitivity, clandestine or covert nature, low visibility, work with or via indigenous forces, larger necessities for regional orientation and cultural experience, and a excessive diploma of threat. SOF’s core actions are:

  • Direct motion
  • Particular reconnaissance
  • Countering weapons of mass destruction
  • Counterterrorism
  • Unconventional warfare
  • International inner protection
  • Safety power help
  • Hostage rescue and restoration
  • Counterinsurgency
  • International humanitarian help
  • Army info help operations
  • Civil affairs operations

Choice of SOF Operational Personnel

SOF operational personnel (also known as “operators”) bear a rigorous screening and choice course of characterised by a low choice price. After choice, they obtain mission-specific coaching to attain proficiency in quite a lot of particular operations expertise. SOF operators are typically skilled personnel and plenty of keep competency in a couple of navy specialty. Chosen operators have regional, cultural, and linguistic experience. Some SOF personnel require extremely technical and superior coaching for anticipated missions akin to Army Freefall coaching, Fight Diver coaching, and Sniper coaching.

Command Construction and Elements

In 1986, Congress, involved concerning the standing of SOF inside general U.S. protection planning and budgeting, handed laws to strengthen particular operations’ place throughout the protection group and to strengthen interoperability among the many branches of U.S. SOF. The Nationwide Protection Authorization Act (NDAA) of 1987 (P.L. 99-661), established an Assistant Secretary of Protection for Particular Operations and Low Depth Battle (ASD (SOLIC)) and a brand new four-star command to organize Particular Operations Forces (SOF) to hold out assigned missions and, if directed by the President or SECDEF, to plan for and conduct particular operations.

Assistant Secretary of Protection for Particular Operations and Low Depth Battle (ASD (SOLIC))

The ASD (SOLIC) is the principal civilian advisor to the SECDEF on particular operations and low-intensity battle issues. The ASD (SOLIC) has as their principal responsibility general supervision (to incorporate oversight of coverage and sources) of particular operations and low-intensity battle actions. The ASD (SOLIC) falls below and experiences to the Below Secretary of Protection for Coverage (USD (P)). Congress, wanting ASD (SOLIC) to train larger oversight of USSOCOM, enacted Part 922, FY2017 Nationwide Protection Authorization Act (P.L. 114-328) to facilitate and useful resource ASD (SOLIC)’s initially supposed Service Secretary-like authorities.

U.S. Particular Operations Command (USSOCOM)

Activated on April 16, 1987, and headquartered at MacDill Air Power Base in Tampa, FL, USSOCOM is the unified Combatant Command (COCOM) accountable for organizing, coaching, and equipping all U.S. SOF items. Headquarters, USSOCOM consists of roughly 2,500 navy and civilian personnel, and general, the command has greater than 70,000 personnel assigned to its headquarters, its service elements, and sub-unified instructions. The USSOCOM commander is a four-star common officer from any Service, who experiences on to the SECDEF. After the September 11, 2001, terrorist assaults, USSOCOM’s tasks had been expanded within the 2004 Unified Command Plan (UCP), assigning USSOCOM duty for coordinating the Division of Protection (DOD) plans in opposition to international terrorism and conducting international operations as directed. Since 2016, USSOCOM has additionally been assigned the roles coordinating authority over countering violent extremist operations (CVEO) and counter weapons of mass destruction (CWMD) operations.

Obtain the doc right here.