Report back to Congress on U.S. Safety Help to Ukraine

The next is the Feb. 9, 2022, Congressional Analysis Service In Focus report, U.S. Safety Help to Ukraine.

From the report

In response to Russia’s latest escalation of army stress on Ukraine, the Biden Administration and the 117th Congress have thought-about a number of choices to spice up safety help to Ukraine. Even previous to latest tensions, Ukraine was a number one recipient of U.S. army support in Europe and Eurasia. Since Russia’s 2014 invasion of Ukraine, the US has dedicated greater than $2.7 billion in State and Protection Division (DOD)-funded safety help to assist Ukraine defend its territorial integrity and enhance interoperability with the North Atlantic Treaty Group (NATO).

Overview of Packages Since 2014

The US has used a wide range of safety help applications and authorities to assist construct the defensive capability of the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) by way of practice, equip, and advise efforts throughout a number of spending accounts. Two of the first mechanisms are State’s Overseas Navy Financing (FMF; 22 U.S.C. §2763) and DOD’s Ukraine Safety Help Initiative (USAI; P.L. 114-92, §1250)

USAI packages have included coaching, tools, and advisory efforts to reinforce Ukraine’s defensive capabilities comparable to maritime area consciousness, operational security and capability of Air Drive bases, and the lethality, command and management, and survivability of the UAF. USAI additionally helps cyber protection and strategic communications to counter Russian cyberattacks and misinformation. A big portion of annual USAI funds are contingent on DOD and State certifying Ukraine’s progress on key protection reforms.

Ukraine additionally has obtained help pursuant to DOD’s safety cooperation authorities, notably 10 U.S.C. §333 and 10 U.S.C. §332. Part 333 authorizes coaching, equipping, and small-scale army building for particular sorts of operations. Part 332 promotes civilian management of the army and locations civilian advisors from DOD in Ukraine’s Ministry of Protection.

The Presidential Drawdown Authority (PDA), through which the President can authorize the switch of articles and companies from U.S. shares with out congressional approval in response to an “unexpected emergency,” additionally has offered protection gadgets to Ukraine since 2014. In August 2021, the Biden Administration approved a $60 million drawdown (Overseas Help Act, §506(a)(1)) for the quick switch of protection gadgets from DOD shares. In December 2021, the Administration approved a $200 million drawdown after Congress, by way of passage of P.L. 117-70, elevated the §506(a)(1) cap from $100 million to $200 million.

Since 2014, Ukraine additionally has obtained Worldwide Navy Schooling and Coaching (IMET) help, which has offered skilled army schooling at U.S. protection establishments for about 370 junior, mid-level, and senior Ukrainian army officers.

Via the Joint Multinational Coaching Group-Ukraine, established in 2015, the U.S. Army and Nationwide Guard, along with army trainers from U.S. allied states, have offered coaching, mentoring, and doctrinal help to the UAF. The U.S. army additionally conducts joint army workouts with Ukraine. Individually, U.S. Particular Operations Forces have skilled and suggested Ukrainian Special Forces. Different State Division and DOD-funded safety help has supported typical weapons destruction, border safety, legislation enforcement coaching, and counter-weapons of mass destruction capabilities.

Obtain the doc right here.