Su-34, Su-35 and Su-57 use US-made EW elements, MiG-29 not

Latest findings from a report disclose the usage of Western elements in Russian Sukhoi fighter jets, together with an estimated 2,000 imported elements. These international elements originate additionally from three main American entities: Texas Devices, Analog Units, and Xilinx, which was not too long ago acquired by AMD. These insights have been uncovered by the investigative journalism of Euromaidan Press

Picture credit score: UAC

In collaboration with a non-profit, anti-corruption physique, Ukrainian journalists have efficiently assembled an inventory that sheds mild on the intensive utilization of {hardware}, equipped by American companies, within the Russian fighter jet manufacturing by Sukhoi. Particularly, the elements have been sourced from Texas Devices, Analog Units, and the Japanese firm, Murata Manufacturing.

In accordance with the report, imported elements play an integral function in numerous elements of the plane, together with its navigation and missile steering methods, in addition to its digital warfare and communication methods. Plane fashions Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, and Su-35 purportedly depend on these elements, with the report suggesting the identical for the Su-57 fighter mannequin

Russia put a GLONASS navigation module in Iranian Shahed-129
Picture credit score: Twitter

The report reveals that Iran’s Shahed drones, together with the Sukhoi, primarily make the most of elements from the American firm, Texas Devices. Proof supporting this assertion is discovered within the restoration of downed Shahed drones and Sukhoi plane, whereby Texas Devices elements have been recognized.

Moreover, the report signifies that the usage of American elements extends to Russia’s digital warfare arsenal, particularly its Krasukha-4 jamming station. Right here, chips from one other American firm, Analog Units, have been found. The third firm in focus, Xilinx, though now not in existence following its acquisition by AMD in 2020, as soon as maintained a world presence with workplaces in numerous international locations equivalent to Eire, Singapore, India, China, Australia, Japan, and curiously, the previous Soviet republic that’s now a Collective Safety Treaty Group [CSTO] ally of Russia, Armenia. 

Final, however not least, it’s value noting that the report illustrates the usage of Xilinx chips within the digital countermeasures of the Khibiny, discovered on the wingtips of Russia’s Su-34 fighter-bomber.

UAC delivered RuAF new batch of Su-34 declaring a production reserve
Video screenshot

It’s no secret that Western microchips have discovered their method into Russian navy {hardware}, a undeniable fact that has really resonated for the reason that inception of the battle in Ukraine. The staff at has recounted a few intriguing situations the place Ukrainian investigators have uncovered fascinating particulars concerning the composition of Russian weaponry.  

Take, for example, the Russian Kh-101 stealth assault cruise missile, extra generally recognized by its NATO codename, AS-23A Kodiak. In accordance with Ukrainian intelligence reviews from late Might 2022, this piece of expertise incorporates a staggering 35 built-in chips, all of which hail from the US.  

The roster of microchips embedded in Russia’s Kh-101 missile spans a number of famend American corporations. The record contains Texas Devices, Atmel Corp., Rochester Electronics, Cypress Semiconductor, Maxim Built-in, XILINX, Infineon Applied sciences, Intel, Onsemi, and Micron Expertise. The whole stock of American microchips utilized has been shared with the Pentagon.

Russian Kh-101 stealth attack cruise missile uses 35 US-made chips

Claims from Ukrainian intelligence counsel that the Kh-101 isn’t the one Russian weapon system that includes US-made chips. The Barnaul-T system’s 9S932-1 radar-fitted air protection command heart, the Pantsir air protection system, and the Ka-52 Alligator assault helicopter are all stated to have built-in these chips into their methods. With a complete of 35 chips present in these weapon methods alone, and together with these discovered within the Kh-101 missile, it appears that evidently a staggering 70 US-manufactured microchips have been built-in throughout simply 4 Russian weapon methods. 

In the identical yr, scrutiny fell upon the Russian 9M544 Smerch missile. Unexpectedly, it was found that customized chips out there on the market on AliExpress have been included into the missile. The 9M544 Smerch performs a pivotal function within the armory as a 300 mm rocket deployed by Twister-S a number of launch rocket methods [MLRS]. 

The Middle for Superior Protection Research [C4ADS] took it upon themselves to delve deeper, enterprise an in-depth examine of a used 300 mm 9M544 Smerch missile. This devoted staff focuses on finding and figuring out imported elements inside Russian weapons, primarily looking for potential breaches of sanctions positioned towards Russia.

Russian 300mm 9M544 Smerch rockets use chips sold by AliExpress
Picture credit score: Gagadget

Within the management unit of a used 9M544 Smerch missile, C4ADS found a number of elements together with microcontrollers in a TSOP66 package deal, SMD capacitors, and connectors of sorts SMA and DB15, together with microcontrollers in an LQF64 package deal. It’s value noting that these components are sometimes present in civilian and family home equipment, and don’t meet navy commonplace necessities. Apparently, Russia seems to obtain these elements by way of AliExpress, cleverly circumventing Western sanctions. 

Among the many findings unearthed by the researchers in Ukraine, essentially the most stunning was undoubtedly the invention of Xilinx chips inside Khibiny’s digital countermeasures system. This revelation significantly piques one’s curiosity as a result of superior nature of this expertise in comparison with the remainder. 

The Khibiny digital countermeasures system [ECM] is a complicated Russian expertise put in on the Su-34 and different plane. It’s designed to safeguard plane from enemy radars and surface-to-air missiles. The system operates by distorting the radar picture of an plane, making it difficult for enemy methods to trace or goal the aircraft.

Su-30 has used Khibiny EW during an interception of the F-35
Picture credit score: Twitter

The Khibiny system is taken into account probably the most superior ECM methods by international requirements. It’s a robust digital countermeasure, recognized to successfully jam even essentially the most state-of-the-art radar methods. A 2014 incident serves as a testomony to its prowess, the place a Russian Su-24, geared up with the Khibiny system, reportedly neutralized the USS Donald Prepare dinner’s Aegis fight system. 

The Khibiny ECM system consists of a number of elements, together with an lively jamming machine, a management system, and an antenna array. The lively jamming machine disperses indicators that hinder the enemy’s radar. Consecutively, the management system oversees the performance of the array. The antenna array takes the duty of transmitting these jamming indicators, and it’s fastened on the wingtips of the plane. 

The Khibiny system operates on the muse of radio-electronic warfare rules, particularly radar jamming. When the system picks up a radar sign, it scrutinizes the sign’s attributes after which generates a countersignal that mirrors the enemy radar’s frequency. The transmission of this countersignal successfully ‘jams’ the enemy radar, impairing its means to precisely path the plane. This evasion approach enhances the plane’s survivability in combative situations.


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